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发布时间:2020-08-05       文章来源:网络


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Look for patterns in the things you've noticed about the text—repetitions,

contradictions, similarities.





“. . . I once received an unexpected lesson from a spider. It happened far

away on a rainy morning in the West.”



“ I had come up a long gulch looking for fossils, and there, just at eye

level, lurked a huge yellow-and-black orb spider, whose web was moored to the

tall spears of buffalo grass at the edge of the arroyo. It was her universe, and

her senses did not extend beyond the lines and spokes of the great wheel she

inhabited. Her extended claws could feel every vibration throughout that

delicate structure. She knew the tug of wind, the fall of a raindrop, the

flutter of a trapped moth's wing. Down one spoke of the web ran a stout ribbon

of gossamer on which she could hurry out to investigate her prey.”

Curious, I took a pencil from my pocket and touched a strand of the web.

Immediately there was a response. The web, plucked by its menacing occupant,

began to vibrate until it was a blur. Anything that had brushed claw or wing

against that amazing snare would be thoroughly entrapped. As the vibrations

slowed, I could see the owner fingering her guidelines for signs of struggle. A

pencil point was an intrusion into this universe for which no precedent existed.

Spider was circumscribed by spider ideas; its universe was spider universe. All

outside was irrational, extraneous, at best raw material for spider. As I

proceeded on my way along the gully, like a vast impossible shadow, I realized

that in the world of spider I did not exist.


出现了更多的语言细节让我们相信我们的位置"in the West."——gulch, arroyo, and buffalo grass.Eiseley 称 蜘蛛的网 为"her universe她的宇宙" and "the great wheel she

inhabited她住的巨轮," ,就像天空中的巨轮,宇宙一样。通过隐喻,蜘蛛网成了"spider universe蜘蛛宇宙." “she蜘蛛” 的 "senses did not extend beyond her universe感官没有延伸到她的宇宙之外" , 知道"the flutter of a trapped moth's wing被困飞蛾翅膀的颤动" 和赶紧"to investigate her prey查探她的猎物."Eiseley可以看到她"fingering her guidelines for signs of struggle.指责她的奋斗迹象"这些语言细节和其他细节将the web 的“所有者”描述为会思考,感受,努力的一种生物 - 一种与我们一样的生物。这个时候我们还没找出答案。我们需要更细致的分析。